Thyroid Gland and Surgery
The thyroid gland is situated in the front of the neck and its primary function is to manufacture hormones…
Thyroid hormones are essential for survival, and when this gland becomes enlarged, it can cause a wide variety of issues. An enlarged thyroid, also known as a goitre, is often benign however this can sometimes harbour cancerous cells which is why our elite surgeons will usually recommend a further investigation for thyroid swellings.
Our elite ENT surgeons in Melbourne will take a detailed medical history and then proceed to conduct a thorough assessment, which is usually followed by an ultrasound performed by a radiologist. If necessary, a sample may be extracted from the lump via needle during your ultrasound and sent away for testing to assess the cause of the swelling. Other tests may include X-Rays, CT scans, MRIs or a nuclear isotope scan. Surgery is usually advised if there is a suspicion of cancer, pressure systems and uncontrolled overactivity.
There are two different types of thyroid surgery:
- Total thyroidectomy – this implies the removal of the complete thyroid gland
- Hemi-thyroidectomy or lobectomy – this implies that only part of the gland is removed
As with any surgical procedures, there are certain risks involved:
- Changes in voice
- Calcium problems
- Neck and shoulder stiffness
Our Melbourne ENT specialists will explain all risks and possible complications of the surgery with you so you can be fully aware of all aspects of the procedure so you can make an informed decision.